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Category Archives: Photography

Tips for Different Types of Photography from Fashion to Landscape

With the way that technology is changing the landscape of digital imaging and print art, it can be hard to determine what the best techniques are. It can feel like there is so much information out there that you are not sure where to look to get the right recommendations and advice. In my opinion, it all really depends on what type of photography you are looking to focus on, because each style and subject tends to require different ways of working and can even require different skills. This can almost make it easier when you are looking to learn more about something, because then you might be able to pin point the knowledge you are looking for a little more so that you can really gain more insight into a particular field or method.

I have not been practicing photography for that long but I do have a lot of friends who are in the industry and I have definitely pick up a few things along the way. I would say the best way to learn anything is to act as an intern and work with someone who is very familiar with the skill you are trying to master. Not only will this be a great learning opportunity but you will also get the chance to develop a relationship with someone who might act as your mentor or be able to give you recommendations and refer you to certain job opportunities. Here are a few tips for different types of photography.

Fashion Photography

Whether you are shooting for Aldo or your best friend’s clothing line, you want to be super creative in these types of roles. Here is where you can get a little funky and let your imaginative side show. There may be stricter guidelines from the client, but as a rule, fashion photography has he freedom to be silly, sexy, and serious all at once so feel free to play around with ideas.

Street Photography

One of the best recommendations I can make for street photography is to get a camera that has an option for the silent shutter. This makes a huge difference when you are trying to be low profile. A silent shutter will allow you to take a photo without anyone knowing, which can sometimes be the goal if you are trying to capture real life. I love the Sony 6,500 because of this and many other reasons. I own the model just before it so I do not have the silent shutter option but the camera itself is great and I would highly recommend it.

Landscape Photography

When you are aiming to get more involved with landscape photography, it is important to have a good tripod. Often landscape photography requires you to set up in one place for a long time until you get that perfect show with the right lighting from the perfect type of day. You may be trying to catch some movement as well and a tripod will really make a difference here if you want some pieces of the photo blurred and others to be clearer,

Photo Retouching

Photo retouching is techniques and processes of getting an image ready for final presentation are implemented by image retouching, resulting in augmentation of its looks. Almost all images you see in any format of advertisements have undergone retouching, which can vary from just a subtle change to a dramatic changeover of various elements of the image. Even the photos of real beauty campaigns undergo this important process, may be for small improvements like dust removal and sharpening.

Image retouching works towards slightly changing, rather improving, looks of the subject. The digital manipulation includes basic “fixes”, like erasing pimples or making a ruddy complexion appear even. Experienced and talented photo retouches can even perform more complex manipulations such as making a subject appear slimmer or even morphing two or more subjects seamlessly. Scars on the face or body of a person are also easily erased through this process of digital enhancement.

In the case of a product, the experts of photo retouching make the product appear attractive by all round development of its image. Mostly a reader or viewer decides on buying a product after seeing its picture, especially decor items or furniture, quality enhancement of their images holds the key to attract customers. Hence this process ensures that the products look attractive by highlighting its important areas in every possible manner.

At the onset, the professionals at retouching analyze the image from the point of view of a viewer and assert what improvements are needed to make the picture look more attractive, impressive and lively. They use advanced computer imaging software to change the appearance of a photo or any other digital image.

The two most common ways of retouching a photo are sharpening the image or causing some parts to become blurry, ostensibly to hide some deformity. Other important ways to enhancing the looks of a person are hiding blemishes, like pimples and scars, as well as retouching the skin to give it a smoother or more youthful appearance.

Tips Pose Like Model for Photos

1. The Classic Hands-On-Hip

It’s always a good idea to not leave your hands limp or rogue. Perching one arm on the hip, weight shifted to one side and relaxing your shoulders. This “Teapot” pose is so popular with models, it slims your figure and creates a tall and dignified look that makes the waist appears slimmer. Be sure to position your lifted arm that’s placed on the hip to show off any fancy accessories or nail polish art.

2. Use the Mirror

Pose in front of your new BFF, the mirror, until you are near perfect at it. Learn your body shape and pick sides and angles you love. Forget about feeling guilty about your vanity, and remember “all is vanity”. Use your imagination and pretend someone else is behind the mirror, camera in hand and snapping away. Keep your feet in check for full-body shots, they are always closest to the mirror and you do not want to appear big-footed.

3. Go Lower

When sitting your camera height should be well above your eye level and your photographer standing a little far for the best result. This particular technique would show all your features, hair and makeup and also give you the illusion of a more petite, skinny frame.

Photographers often totally forget their own height and shoot from below the model’s eye line and you should never let them do that if you want the perfect photo. The chances that a shot from below help increase the height of subject or create the dramatic heroine shot you may be looking for are slim, and failed results with disappearing chins, weird shadows and dwarf shots are nearly always the end game.

For selfies, keeping your phone lens above your head will capture only your best angles and keep your neck looking elongated and swan-like.

4. Turn Your Head

If your face is asymmetrical in any way, not to worry you’re in good company. The easy fix for photos is to turn your head a bit when snapping and let the perfect tilt and camera angle hide that crooked smile of yours. Tilting your head is also a great trick for slimming your profile so if you really want to pose like a model, try turning slightly rather than facing the camera head on.

5. Stand Straight, Chin Out

Let the one thing you do not forget about perfecting your photo posture be to put your best foot and chin forward and stand up straight.

Cameras are only two-dimensional, meaning a photo cannot display its subject in all three dimensions unless it is shot that way purposely. When posing in front of the camera and looking straight at it, pushing your chin out, down and forward can extend your jawline, creating the sharper and stronger facial lines that are associated with model features.

6. Bounce Your Shoulders

Positioning your shoulders is often thought of as a small detail but shoulders play a major in determining how the face is highlighted or not in a photo. Rolling your shoulders back can allow your face pop up and instantly slim your upper body’s appearance.

Popping one shoulder up higher than the other can also create much needed dimension in an image.

7. Bend Your Knees

Bending one leg slightly at the knee and putting one’s weight on the straight leg would help define your waist and emphasize curves if you have them, or create them when you don’t. Cross your knees slightly for the great camera effect this pose gives!

Home Photography Studio Kit

1. Professional Photography Background Kit… I toyed for some time as to which background kit to get. Prices varied from under £30 (US$43 approx.) to £200 (US$288 approx.). In the end, I opted for best quality – something that will be reliable and not start falling to pieces after a few uses. I felt that this is one of those purchases you only want to make ONCE. I ended up buying a kit from Creativity Papers (based in the UK), who also sell on Amazon (UK). The kit came with two tripod uprights; a multi-piece crossbar (allowing you to have different widths, depending on the size of your room – I only use two of the four bars, so it fits nicely in my 3 meter wide room); and one roll of arctic white paper. I also purchased a roll of ultra black paper and a cherry red color (this last one I’ve NEVER ONCE USED; I thought I was going to be all creative with using different backgrounds, but when it comes to taking the photos, I find I just want to get it done with the minimum of fuss, either using a white background for darker colored objects, or a black background for lighter colored stuff).

2. “A Clamps”… The backdrop kit that I purchased actually came with a couple of metal A Clamps, which are used to secure the backdrop paper to tables, as the rolls of backdrop paper have a natural tendency to try and roll themselves back up. If your backdrop kit doesn’t come with them, you may need about four of them (at minimum). If I’m just hanging the backdrop straight down and not flowing it over a table, I will use a couple of metal A Clamps to weight-down the paper, so it can’t unravel. However, the weight of the metal A Clamps has a tendency to continue unrolling more paper; so, to fix this, I clamp two additional A Clamps into the roll of backdrop paper, where it hangs on the crossbar. I actually purchased a pack of about 8-10 of these A Clamps, “just in case” I need to use more. But, for the most part, I tend to only need a maximum of four clamps.

3. External Flash / Speed Light… When using a DSLR camera for product photography (especially if you have access to a tripod), there is a temptation to try and get away without using an external flash, by just using a longer exposure time – just enough until the image isn’t either too dark, nor too bright, but somewhere in between. However, the problem you’ll soon find is that some detail, in most non-flat objects, will be lost in the shadows. If you’re taking photos of products for eBay or Amazon, for instance, you want to show off as much detail as possible, for your prospective buyers. Using flash DOES make a positive difference. There may be a temptation to try using the pop-up flash (if your camera has one), but things do look better if you can take the flash away from the central position and over to about a 45 degrees angle to your subject. Being able to move the flash about your subject helps to maximize the results.

4. One OR Two Tripods… If you’re going to be using an external flash to illuminate your subject(s), you may need two tripods – one for the flash unit and the other for your camera (some of the time I find myself happy to take photos just handholding the camera; other times, I like to give my shoulders, arms and back a rest, and set the camera on its tripod). You don’t necessarily need a lightweight carbon fiber tripod for indoor photography work, as you’re not hiking about with the thing. Carbon fiber tripods cost more than the comparably heavier aluminium tripods. I have an aluminium tripod (MeFoto Roadtrip) for my external flash and, because I do take my camera outdoors, I have a carbon fiber 3LT “Brian”, which is very versatile.

5. Portable Photography Reflector Kit & Tripod Stand… While having multiple external flash units is probably ideal, it IS an expensive route to go (if you can afford it, or believe you’ll be able to justify the cost, then it’s a great option). However, a more economical option would be to set up your single external flash unit (pointing at your subject from the front, albeit off at a 45 degree angle) and then, directly opposite the flash, have a reflector angled so that it will throw otherwise lost flash light, directly back into your subject, illuminating some of the detail on the side that the flash light can’t directly reach. For this task, I purchased a portable photography reflector kit that came with its own tripod stand (so I didn’t need someone else to hold the reflector – meaning I could get on with my photography projects, without having to nag a relative to do the job… I certainly didn’t have the funds or inclination to pay someone to do the job. This kit solved the matter).

Some Wonderful Effects of Photography

Panning

Panning is a photography technique that is mostly used to shoot moving objects such as sports cars, race competitions. It involves the horizontal, rotational and vertical movement of an image or video. To achieve best results of a sharp subject with a blurred background, you need to stay with an object as you frame and press the shutter button. It is among the old techniques, so it needs a lot of practice and patience to master.

Thirds rule

It is a method that is frequently used by artists and painters. Work produced using the technique can be found in art galleries. The rule of thirds method involves breaking down the photo in thirds, vertically and horizontally to have nine parts. The focus object is usually not placed in the middle which results to it being interesting, moving and dynamic. Factors to consider are the point of interest and the frame. Mentally divide your viewfinder into three to frame the shot.

Golden hour

Also referred to as the magic hour, it is the first hour of sunrise and last time of the sunset. The light is of different quality thus add quality and interest to the photo. It requires one to be fast for the quality of light fades quickly

Fill flash

This technique involves filling the dark areas of an image using flash. The background of the picture is usually brighter than the subject. A photographer needs to adjust the shutter and aperture speed to expose the background. The circumstances when to use flash are:

• When foreground light is less than in the background

• When close to the focus subject

Long exposure

It is an effect that creates a dreamy landscape, it both captures still elements and moving. Objects in motion usually are blurred. The photographer narrows the aperture and sets the shutter to a long duration speed.

Mind-Blowing Photography

Practice!

Don’t be afraid to make mistakes! Sometimes those mistakes turn out to be something unique and innovative that you can build on.

Work the subject!

Try shooting the same thing in as many ways you can that capture different aspects about it. After you shoot look through your shoot and critique your work. Be mindful of what worked and what didn’t and why. Editing your shoot is an important part of the learning process.

Study the work of other photographers.

Find something that inspires you and pay attention to what you like and try to mimic it. Then try to make it your own by bringing in something new and different.

Familiarize yourself with photography software!

Digital software is today’s darkroom & developing an image is just as important as how you shoot it. My favorite way to digitally polish my images is through Lightroom. It’s amazing what it allows you to do to an image without exposing yourself to chemicals or wasting photo paper and developer. The preset filters are a great way to intensify the tone of the image, but you must know how to fine-tune them to make the image just so. Photoshop is also an important tool.

Learn Lighting!

I suggest photographing a subject at different times of day and compare them. If you have access to professional lighting equipment try shooting your subject lit from different angles, diffusion vs. Hard lighting, etc… There are jobs just dedicated to lighting on high-end shoots, so there are no limits there if you have the budget. Really think about how the light conveys your message to the viewer.

Go with your instincts!

Make sure what you are shooting is fulfilling something for you. There is no point in shooting something you aren’t enjoying. It will show in your work! The more you are passionate about it, the more creatively you can capture it! I’ve worked with so many photographers that have talent, but take on shoots they don’t enjoy and it showed in the quality of the images. For example, I could never understand why somebody would hire a nature photographer to shoot their portraits. Somebody that isn’t a people person doesn’t take flattering photos of people no matter how much technical knowledge they have. On the other hand, if you see all people as beautiful and you have a natural talent for making a person feel good about him/herself, then portrait photography is a great niche!

Analogue Photography

Analogue has a further specialised meaning. It refers to a signal where the output is proportional to the input, normally in relation to the combination of a device and a media that can together measure, record, or reproduce continuous information.

For example, older telephones converted the vibration of sounds to electric current, which travelled a wire, and upon reaching its destination was converted back into amplified vibrations. A tape recorder converted sound information to magnetism on the surface of the tape, and these fields were later converted into electrical current by the reading head, which was in turn amplified and transformed into vibration of a speaker.

On this basis, the sensor in a digital camera is also an analogue system. Each of the many millions of pixels in the sensor is a light-sensitive photocell, which generates a tiny electrical current in response to light: the brighter the light, the stronger the current. It only becomes a digital system when the brightness levels are coded into the binary (digital) record of that image.

The word “digital” comes from digit, as in fingers and toes. We count on our fingers (sometimes our toes), and so digit has also come to mean numbers. Digital systems use numbers to store and manipulate information. But I digress…

Film photography is not a true analogue process: it’s a chemical process whereby exposing light sensitive photographic film requires chemical solutions to develop and stabilize the image.

So, there’s another irony to our new terminology. Digital photography is underpinned by an analogue system, and film photography is not a true analogue process. Only the first non-film cameras were wholly analogue systems: they recorded pixel signals continuously, as videotape machines did.

To add further confusing, there are two different spellings of the word. “Analogue” is the traditional English spelling, while the phonetically simplified “analog” is American. However, in the USA both words are used. Analog generally refers to electronics devices, while analogue is often reserved for use in the sense something that bears a resemblance to something else (or so I understand).

Cycling Lends

What they did help provide however was a fantastic and totally unexpected atmosphere. With the arrival of a the long train of support vehicles, police and in particular the French gendarmes (yes the French police with their comedic siren exploited brilliantly in the Pink Panther films), then I begin to notice a faint tingling on the back of my neck. The helicopters overhead then raise the anticipation to fever pitch and I begin to focus on a stretch of road in the distance. No riders yet. But the helicopters remain. My dog Jip stops fidgeting and barking and pricks his ears up attentively. Someone further along calls out, “They’re here!”

That magical sunny day (they forecast rain you know) will live with me I hope, always. Now, I intend to capture ordinary people’s passion for cycling, and this is how I and other would be snappers might go about it.

Loaded with a camera and lens capable of taking action and sports shots (I use a Canon 50mm f1/8 which can be purchased for between £60-70), I locate myself at points along various cycling routes – road or off-road. Organised events will also provide opportunities. One eye should be on the weather beforehand, as a torrential downpour could render all your preparation as useless.

Care will be taken not to take photos of younger cyclists unless parental consent is given. Moreover, care will also be taken not to take a photo if it might hinder the cyclist’s concentration, thus causing an accident (such as on busy roads).

All about Smart Phone Photography

What a surprise! The photography possible with this machine is far better than any camera owned previously. It takes shot after shot of incredible photos whose detail can be enlarged and studied. Like the camera before it of course it takes videos as well.

This is a far cry from the first camera that my brother gave me when I was around 8 years of age. It was quite small but the photos I took have survived and are a record of the family history from those early years. Film had to be inserted and then the photos developed through the local chemist. It meant saving my pocket-money to redeem them.

From that time to this photography has been one of my hobbies and the quantity of shots from just about everywhere travelled or experiences enjoyed are filling albums and taking up storage space around the home. That is unnecessary with the new technology. The computer stores anything needing to be kept while some photos are printed immediately either through my printer or the local shop.

The difference in convenience and cost is astronomical and the pleasure of taking photos has increased enormously thanks to the new smart phone.

Duplicate Photo Organizer

The duplicate photo organizers are designed in a way that it looks for different similarities on various images and this helps in the location of duplicates and also photos that bear the very same pixels. Edited images, resized photos, flipped photos and rotated photos.

Most of the photo organizers are able to support various photo formats such as GIF, PNG. JPEG, JPG and RAW. A photo finder with this trait is the best because it will do a very thorough job for you.

Once the duplicates are found, these programs will then give you very easy options of choosing the ones to delete and the ones to keep. You can mark files using different categories so as to de-clutter your system fast.

Most of the photo organizers have a viewer where pictures are placed together so that it becomes easier for you to compare them and decide on the ones that need to be discarded.

Anyone can benefit from these kinds of programs. There are people who maintain great collections of digital media such as images and photos. In such cases, it becomes very easy to have more than one copy of the photo or image in question. The file that you do not need are not removed, and then the hard disk is overwhelmed and will have images that are of no importance to you since they already exist. The photo finders help to remove the files and organize your collection making it easier to access.

· The photo organizers usually allow you to organize photos in a way that you can easily find them when you need them.

· The other important feature is the fact that most are able to identify any wasted disc space and then recover it

· The backup size and the time are reduced to a great extent

· Users are allowed to view all images, original and duplicate